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The CSB Minimum Income Protection Indicators database

CSB-MIPI contains data on minimum income protection provisions in Europe and the United States. The dataset derives from data collection through a network of national experts, partly expanding on earlier data collection efforts by Jonathan Bradshaw of the University of York and partly relying on the EUROMOD-network. The primary purpose of CSB-MIPI is to present valid and detailed information on the level and composition of minimum income protection packages for workers, for people at working age not in work, and for the elderly. For workers, the focus is on the net incomes of minimum wage workers. For people not or no longer in work, the focus in on statutory social assistance entitlements for able-bodied persons or equivalent schemes. In all cases full account is taken of taxes, social security contributions, means-tested income supplements, child benefits and child care costs. While the primary focus is on income levels, CSB-MIPI also contains information on conditionality requirements in social assistance, associated rights and in-kind benefits. The database holds information spanning two decades. Information on net disposable incomes is available starting from 1992 for 15 EU countries. From 2001 on, CSB-MIPI covers all EU member states except Malta and Cyprus, plus Norway and 3 US States (Texas, Nebraska and New Jersey). In addition, there are yearly time series on the evolution of gross benefit levels for the 1990s and the 2000s. The most recent data collection refers to January 2012.
 
New Book 'Minimum Income Protection in Flux'
 
More information on the content and methodology of the CSB MIPI data base:
Van Mechelen, N., Marchal, S., Goedemé, T., Marx, I., & Cantillon, B. (2011). The CSB-Minimum Income Protection Indicators dataset (CSB-MIPI) (WP 11/05). Antwerp: University of Antwerp
 
Researchers interested in using the CSB-MIPI data can send a reasoned request to:
sarah.marchal@uantwerpen.be (contact person)
 
Recent papers and publications using CSB-MIPI data
Arlotti M and Sabatinelli S. (2017) Assessing income support where no national minimum income scheme exists. Is it possible to apply the model family method to the Italian case? International Review of Sociology 27: 142-159.
Marchal, S (2017) The social floor : essays on minimum income protection. Doctoral dissertation. Antwerp, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Social Sciences, 271 p.
Marchal S and Van Mechelen N. (2017) A new kid in town? Active inclusion elements in European minimum income schemes Social Policy & Administration 51: 171-194
Cantillon, B., Marchal, S., and Luigjes, C. (2016). Decent incomes for the poor : which role for Europe? Journal of Common Market Studies. 55:2, p. 240-256.
Goedemé, T. and Marchal, S. (2016) Exploring a blind spot in comparative pension reform research : long-term trends in non-contributory pensions in Europe. International journal of social welfare. 25(2): 161-175
Matthews, Dylan (2016). Sweden pays parents for having kids — and it reaps huge benefits. Why doesn't the US?. Vox,  http://www.vox.com/2016/5/23/11440638/child-benefit-child-allowance.
Marchal S, Marx I and Van Mechelen N. (2016) Minimum income schemes in the austerity tide. IZA Journal of European labor studies 5: 1-20.
Cantillon B, Marchal S and Luigjes C. (2016) Menschenwürdige Mindesteinkommen von Armut betroffener Haushalte : eine Aufgabe für die EU? WSI Mitteilungen. 69: 32-40.
Van Lancker W. and Van Mechelen N. (2015) Universalism under siege? Exploring the association between targeting, child benefits and child poverty across 26 countries. Social Science Research 50: 60-75.
Marchal S and Marx I. (2015) Stemming the tide. What have EU countries done to support low-wage workers in an era of downward wage pressure? Improve Working Paper. Antwerp: Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy, University of Antwerp.
Bradshaw, J. (2014) Overview: social policies and child well-being in Ben-Arieh, Asher, Casas, Ferran, Frones, Ivar. and Korbin, Jill E. (Eds.) Handbook of Child Well-Being. Theories, Methods and Policies in Global Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer. Volume 5, Chapter 103, pages 2921-2943.
Gaffney, D. (2014) Are in-work benefits in the UK a magnet for EU migrants? Touchstone blogpost, http://touchstoneblog.org.uk/2014/12/are-in-work-benefits-in-the-uk-a-magnet-for-eu-migrants/
Jaehrling, K., Kalina, T., & Mesaros, L. (2014). Mehr Arbeit, mehr Armut? Ausmaß und Hintergründe der Entkoppelung von Erwerbsarbeit und materieller Sicherheit von Alleinerziehenden im Ländervergleich. KZfSS Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, 66(3), 343-370. doi: 10.1007/s11577-014-0277-2
Marchal, S., Marx, I., & Van Mechelen, N. (2014). The Great Wake-Up Call? Social citizenship and minimum income provisions in Europe in times of crisis. Journal of Social Policy, 43(2), 247-267. doi: 10.1017/S0047279413000950
Marchal, S., & Van Mechelen, N. (2014). A new kid in town? Active inclusion in European minimum income schemes (Improve Working Paper Series WP 14/07). Antwerp: Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy.
Goedemé, T. (2013). Minimum income protection for Europe’s elderly: What and how much has been guaranteed during the 2000s? In: Marx., I. and Nelson, K. (Eds.) Minimum income protection in flux (pp. 108-136). Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan
Bradshaw, J. and Tokoro, M. (2013) Child benefit Packages in the United Kingdom and
Japan. Social Policy and Society, 13, 1, 119-128. doi:10.1017/S1474746413000353
http://journals.cambridge.org/repo_A91Rybbm
Marx, I., Marchal, S. & Nolan, B. (2013). Mind the gap: net incomes of minimum wage workers in the EU and the US. In I. Marx & K. Nelson (Eds.), Minimum Income Protection in Flux (pp. 54-80). Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.
Van Mechelen, N., & Bradshaw, J. (2013). Child poverty as a government priority: child benefit packages for working families, 1992-2009. In I. Marx & K. Nelson (Eds.), Minimum Income Protection in Flux (pp. 81-107). Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.
Van Mechelen, N., & Marchal, S. (2013). Struggle for life: social assistance benefits, 1992-2009. In I. Marx & K. Nelson (Eds.), Minimum Income Protection in Flux  (pp. 28-53). Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.
Van Mechelen, N., & Marchal, S. (2013). Trends and convergence of Europe’s minimum income schemes (Improve working papers 13/11). Antwerp: Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy.
Bradshaw, J. (2012). The case for family benefits. Children and Youth Services Review, 34: 590-596.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.10.009
Chzhen, Y. and Bradshaw, J. (2012). Lone parents, poverty and policy in the European Union. Journal of European Social Policy, 22(5), 487-506
Cantillon, B., & Van Mechelen, N.  (2012). Between dream and reality... On anti-poverty policy, minimum income protection and the European social model. In B. Cantillon, H. Verschueren & P. Ploscar (Eds.), Social Inclusion and Social Protection in the EU: Interactions between Law and Politics. Antwerp: Intersentia.
Goedemé, T., De Vil, G., Van Mechelen, N., Fasquelle, N., & Bogaerts, K. (2012). Hoogte en adequaatheid van de Belgische sociale minima in de periode 2000-2011. In J. Vranken, L. Willy, G. Anneline & C. Catherine (Eds.), Armoede in België. Jaarboek 2012 (pp. 215-238). Leuven / Den Haag: Acco.
Goedemé, T., De Vil, G., Van Mechelen, N., Fasquelle, N., & Bogaerts, K. (2012). Niveau et adéquation des minima sociaux belges au cours de la période 2000-2011. In J. Vranken, L. Willy, G. Anneline & C. Catherine (Eds.), Pauvreté en Belgique. Annuaire 2012 (pp. 221-244). Leuven / Den Haag: Acco.
Vandenbroucke, F., Cantillon, B., Van Mechelen, N., Goedemé, T. & Van Lancker, A. (2013). The EU and minimum income protection: clarifying the policy conundrum. In: Marx, I. & Nelson, K. (Eds.) Minimum Income Protection in Flux (pp. 274-317). Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan
Van Mechelen, N., Marchal, S. and Marx, I. (2012) Gevolgen van de crisis voor sociale vangnetten. Economische Statistische Berichten. 97(4634): p. 283-285
Cantillon, B., H. Verschueren, & Van Mechelen, N. (2011). Towards Minimum Income Protection in Europe: Budgetary and Political Obstacles to Overcome. European Journal of Social Security, 13(4), 453-469.
Cantillon, B., & Van Mechelen, N. (2011). Tussen droom en daad ... Over armoedebestrijding, minimuminkomensgarantie en het Europese sociale model. Tijdschrift voor Sociologie, 32, p. 439-469. Also published as CSB Bericht
Goedemé, T. (2011). Less is more? The impact of 20 years of pension reforms on minimum income schemes in Europe.Paper presented at the 9th ESPAnet Conference. 
Marchal, S., Marx, I., & Van Mechelen, N. (2011). Do Europe’s Minimum Income Schemes Provide Adequate Shelter against the Economic Crisis and How, If at All, Have Governments Responded?(IZA DP No. 6264). Bonn: IZA. 
Marchal, S., Marx, I., & Van Mechelen, N. (2011). Minimum income schemes in the EU: did they provide adequate shelter against the economic storm, and how, if at all, did EU governments respond. Paper presented at the 9th ESPAnet Conference. 
Goedemé, T. (2010). Minimum income protection for the elderly in Europe. Main trends and remaining questions. Paper presented at the EQUALSOC (FP6 Network of Excellence) concluding seminar of the Minimum Income Protection Indicators (MIPI) group.
Van Mechelen, N., Marchal, S., Goedemé, T., Marx, I., & Cantillon, B. (2011). The CSB-Minimum Income Protection Indicators dataset (CSB-MIPI) (WP 11/05). Antwerp: University of Antwerp.  
Van Mechelen, N. (2011). The changing composition of child benefit packages. Paper presented at the 9th ESPAnet Conference ‘Sustainability and transformation in European Social Policy’. 
Van Mechelen, N., & Marx, I. (2010). Money's even tighter to mention: The decline of minimum income protection in Europe. Paper presented at the Paper to be presented at the 8th ESPAnet Conference ‘Social Policy and the Global Crisis: Consequences and Responses’, Budapest.
Van Mechelen, N., Marx, I., Marchal, S., Goedemé, T., & Cantillon, B. (2010). The Evolution of Social Assistance and Minimum Wages in 25 European Countries, 2001-2009 (pp. 78p.): unpublished
 
National experts (2012 wave):
Austria
FUCHS Michael, European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Wien
Belgium
VAN MECHELEN Natascha, Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy (CSB), University of Antwerp
MARCHAL Sarah, CSB, University of Antwerp
Bulgaria
BOSHNAKOV Venelin, University of National and World Economy, Sofia
DRAGANOV Dragomir, Senior Expert Policies and Strategies (Directorate), Ministry of Labour and Social Policy
Czech Republic
PAVEL Jan, Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economic Institute (CERGE-EI), Prague
Denmark
HUSSAIN, M. Azhar, Roskilde University, Samfund og Globalisering (ISG) / Politik og administration
Estonia
VÕRK Andres, University of Tartu / Praxis Center for Policy Studies
Finland
HONKANEN, Pertti, Kela, Helsinki
AHOLA Elina, Kela, Helsinki
France
MATH Antoine, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES), Paris
Germany
PEICHL Andres, IZA, Bonn
EICHHORST Werner, IZA, Bonn
PESTEL Nico, IZA, Bonn
COX Michael, IZA, Bonn
Greece
MATSAGANIS Manos, Athens University of Economics and Business
Hungary
SZIVÓS Péter, Tárki, Budapest
Italy
KAZEPOV Yuri, University of Urbino
SABATINELLI Stefania, University of Milan-Bicocca
ARLOTTI Marco, University of Brescia
Ireland
NOLAN Brian, College of Human Sciences, UCD, Dublin
Korea
CHANG Jiyeun, Korea Labor Institute
CHEON Byung You, Hanshin University
Latvia
VANAGS Alf, Baltic International Center for Economic Policy Studies (BICEPS), Riga
ZASOVA Anna, Baltic International Center for Economic Policy Studies (BICEPS), Riga
Lithuania
LAZUTKA Romas, Vilnius University
Luxembourg
LIEGEOIS Philippe, Centre d'Etudes de Populations, de Pauvreté et de Politiques Socio-Economiques (CEPS), Differdange
CLEMENT Franz, CEPS, Differdange
Netherlands
THEWISSEN Stefan, Leiden University
VAN VLIET Olaf
Norway
WEST PEDERSEN Axel, NOVA, Oslo
Poland
PIETKA-KOSINSKA Katarzyna, Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE), Warsaw
Portugal
CARDOSO Ana, Centro de Estudos para a Intervenção Social (CESIS), Lisboa
Romania
RAT Cristina, Sociology Department, "Babes-Bolyai" University Cluj-Napoca
Slovakia
GERBERY Daniel, Institute for Labour and Familiy Research, Bratislava
Slovenia
KUMP Natasa, Institute for Economic Research (IER), Ljubljana
Spain
CANTO SANCHEZ Olga, Universidad de Alcalá, Madrid
Sweden
FREDERIKSSON Daniel, Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm
SIREN Sebastian, SOFI, Stockholm
UK
BRADSHAW Jonathan, Social Policy Research Unit (SPRU) / University of York
US
KENWORTHY Lane, University of Arizona
SMITH Julia, University of Arizona

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