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The part-time poverty gap across Europe: How institutions affect the way part-time and full-time workers avoid poverty differently

TitleThe part-time poverty gap across Europe: How institutions affect the way part-time and full-time workers avoid poverty differently
Publication TypeWorking Paper
AuthorsHoremans, J.
PublisherHerman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy, University of Antwerp
Place PublishedAntwerp
Year of Publication2016
NumberWP 16/03
Pagination39
Date Published07/2016
Abstract

Drawing on EU-SILC 2012 data, this paper investigates the variation in the degree to which part-time and full-time workers avoid poverty differently by various income components in Europe. We look at three consecutive steps in the income package: individual earnings, market incomes of other household members, and government transfers. The results indicate that on average across Europe full-timers are more likely than part-timers to escape poverty with each step. On the other hand, much variation across countries is discovered. More stringent wage institutions, short working hour cultures and a strong support for working mothers are related with lower differences in earnings poverty between part-time and full-time workers. These institutional characteristics also reduce the difference in the degree to which part-time and full-time workers avoid poverty by other market incomes in the household. The difference in poverty reduction by government transfers between part-timers and full-timers was found to vary little across countries, but the degree to which part-time earnings are combined with benefits tends to be related to a larger difference pre-distribution poverty.

Keywordsin-work poverty, labour market institutions, part-time employment, social policy, working time
Citation Key5955
Universiteit Antwerpen - University of Antwerp
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